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    Yellowstone: Where the Bison Roam

No better place to see America’s magnificent national mammal than in the first national park

Brought back from the brink of extinction, the bison is a shining symbol of resilience. And there’s no better place in which to view these wild, majestic creatures than in Yellowstone National Park.The bald eagle may be the USA’s national emblem, but there’s arguably no more singularly North American breed than the bison. In fact, it was named America’s national mammal in 2016.Brought back from the brink of extinction, it’s also a shining symbol of resilience. And there’s no better place in which to view these wild, majestic creatures than in Yellowstone National Park. An estimated 4,000 of the animals roam within its borders, most notably in the Lamar Valley and Hayden Valley in Yellowstone’s northern reaches. In the past decade or so, their numbers have exploded, notes Virginia Miller, lead instructor at the nonprofit Yellowstone Forever, the official non-profit partner of Yellowstone National Park. There are more free-roaming bison in the park than anywhere else in the country.Historically, huge herds of these lumbering behemoths — the largest land mammal in North America — roamed an area from northern Canada to northern Mexico. By the 1800s, they were still prolific in the western United States. But mass poaching later in the century decimated their numbers. In 1887, when chief Smithsonian taxidermist William Hornaday made a trip west, he was shocked at what he didn’t see: namely large numbers of bison. Herds that once numbered in the millions had dwindled to the hundreds, thanks to a host of reasons, including poachers, sport hunters, farmers and ranchers, drought, and more efficient killing methods, such as the use of guns and horses.One such poacher, the notorious Ed Howell, declared in 1884 “he was going to kill every last bison in Yellowstone” and operated with impunity, Miller recounts. There were rules against slaughtering animals in America’s first national park, but no real repercussions for those who did. The decapitated heads of the animals were hung from trees to dry, and sold to taxidermists who marketed them as trophies for up to $300 each (about $8,000 today), Miller says.That changed in 1894 when the Lacey Act, named for an Iowa congressman who sponsored the legislation, gave park personnel the authority to arrest lawbreakers.For his part, the Smithsonian’s Hornaday, who went on to become the institution’s first Department of Living Animals chief, brought 15 bison to display on Washington, D.C.’s National Mall. In 1891, they were among the first residents of the newly established National Zoo.But new laws like Lacey’s, and fledgling conservation programs like Hornaday’s, did little to boost Yellowstone’s bison population. Officials counted a scant 25 of the animals in 1901. That year, Congress approved funding to boost the ranks by buying 21 bison from private owners. By 1907 they were housed at the park’s Lamar Buffalo Ranch — it still exists as an educational facility — and eventually released into the park.These days, Yellowstone visitors are almost certain to spot a bison — or, more likely, dozens. But keep your distance.As Miller puts it, “They’re pretty chill — until they’re not.”For evidence of that, check out YouTube videos of visitors being chased — or worse — by these beasts that can reach 2,000 pounds. The National Park Service requires staying at least 25 yards away from bison. Not only are they unpredictable, they can sprint up to three times faster than you can. Still, they’re an undeniable thrill to see roaming free in their own habitat.

How to Explore

For a safe and illuminating look at bison and other wild park inhabitants, consider joining one of the many live-narrated tours offered by Xanterra Travel Collection®, an operator of Yellowstone concessions. Animal-watching tours include Wake up to Wildlife and Evening Wildlife Encounters.With nine unique lodging options, including the renowned historic Lake Yellowstone Hotel, Yellowstone National Park Lodges allows you to have the ultimate park experience. Staying in the park is the best way for visitors to experience all it has to offer, including the exciting wildlife watching. Once the day-visitors leave, Yellowstone remains for the in-park overnight guests alone. Yellowstone National Park Lodges offer tours and activities guided by Certified Interpretive Guides that help create memorable experiences. For more information on lodging, tours, and vacation packages, visit or call 307-344-7311.For a multi-day visit of Yellowstone, consider the six-day guided walking tour from Country Walkers, “ Montana & Wyoming: Yellowstone,” or the six-day walking tour from VBT, “ Yellowstone & Grand Teton: Walking America’s First National Park.”For more than 39 years, Country Walkers has provided active and immersive travel experiences on five continents. They offer two distinct ways to explore: scheduled, small-group Guided Walking Adventures and independent Self-Guided Walking Adventures. On tour, guests enjoy superb local cuisine, first-class guides, fine accommodations, and authentic cultural and natural encounters. Visit or call 800-234-6900 for more information.VBT Bicycling and Walking Vacations is the value leader in active biking vacations and has been rated among the “World’s Best Tour Operators” by the readers of Travel + Leisure for six years. VBT offers more than 55 deluxe, small-group bicycling, walking, and barge & sail vacations in 27 different countries and 10 U.S. states. Unlike other companies, VBT also includes round-trip international airfare from more than 30 U.S. cities and select Canadian cities for all overseas vacations. Visit or call 800-245-3868 for more information.For more travel experiences to Beautiful Places on Earth™ available from Xanterra Travel Collection® and its affiliated properties, visit